Probable effects of over female emigration 1851
intaglio etching and roulette, printed in black ink, from one plate
Signed and inscribed on plate lower right: 'Designed & etched by George Cruikshank'
14.5 x 39.5
David Bogue, publisher
...'. Inscribed on plate l.c: 'Pubd by D Bogue 86 Fleet St London'. Inscribed on plate lower edge: 'PROBABLE EFFECTS OF OVER FEMALE-EMIGRATION, OR Importing the Fair Sex from the Savage Islands in Consequence of Exporting all our own to Australia!!!!!'.
Comment: This copy is uncoloured. The work is frequently found hand-coloured. Occasionally this colouring appears contemporaneous, but more often it is modern.
The print is explained on the www.revealinghistories.org.uk website (A partnership project from eight museums in Greater Manchester):
“The full title of this print is 'Probable Effects of Over Female Emigration or Importing the Fair Sex from the Savage Islands in Consequence of Exporting all our own to Australia!!!!'
During the first half of the 1800s, it became apparent that decades of male British settlement in Australia had resulted in an extreme shortage of women, causing significant social unrest in the colony. Concerted efforts to address this imbalance included the offer of assisted passages for British women to settle in Australia, the popularity of which, in turn, resulted in a critical shortage of women in Britain.
This well-known satirical print, by the prolific caricaturist George Cruikshank, offers up a solution to the problem and a warning of its potential consequences. In Cruikshank’s dockside scene, a group of smiling, excitable women from the Pacific islands have just arrived in England, in response to the desperate call for female immigration. They are met with evident horror by the group of pallid, quivering Englishmen gathered anxiously to greet them.
The women are depicted as gross caricatures, their coarse facial features and dark skin colour at odds with their dainty parasols and coy manners. Such crudely racist stereotypes and connotations of savagery became embedded in visual culture and continued well after the abolition of slavery. However, the English gentlemen are also drawn with the caricaturist’s eye, depicted as feckless fops and dandies, observed with wry amusement by the cigar-chewing merchant in the centre of the picture”
$ 2200 including GST
about this work >